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听故事学4000英语词汇39: 巴特尔比·奥博伊尔的传说

kira86 于2019-08-16发布 l 已有人浏览
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听英语故事,学记英语单词。4000英语实用词汇,尽在每个故事中。
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Unit 9 Word List

第9单元 单词表

admire v.

钦佩

To admire someone is to like them for what they do.

表示因某人所做的事而对其产生好感。

→ I admire my brother for his hard work.

我很钦佩我努力工作的哥哥。

aid v.

援助

To aid someone is to help them when they need something.

表示提供别人所需的东西。

→ The doctor aided the boy after his accident.

事故发生后,医生对男孩进行了医治。

attempt v.

试图

To attempt something is to try to do that thing.

表示想要去做某事。

→ I am attempting to learn English.

我想学英语。

authority n.

权威

Authority is the power that someone has because of their position.

地位带来的权势。

→ The policeman has authority on the streets.

警察在街区中拥有权威。

capital n.

首都

A capital is an important city where a country's leaders live and work.

国家元首居住和工作的重要城市。

→ We will visit the capital to learn about our government.

合乐彩票去首都了解一下合乐彩票的政府。

cooperate v.

合作

To cooperate is to work together to do something.

表示一起做某事。

→ The students cooperated to clean up the classroom.

同学们一起打扫教室。

defend v.

保卫

To defend someone or something is to protect them from attack.

表示保护不受攻击。

→ The soldiers defended the town from the invaders.

士兵们阻击攻城的侵略者。

destruction n.

毁灭

Destruction is damage to something so bad that it can't be fixed.

表示极大程度损害以致于无法修复。

→ After the big fire, there was much destruction in the city.

一场大火过后,城市变成了一片废墟。

disorder n.

混乱

Disorder is a lack of order, or a complete mess.

无组织的,或者乱七八糟的。

→ The teacher's desk had many papers in disorder.

老师桌上乱七八糟地摆着许多试卷。

division n.

分割;部门

A division is the act of making smaller groups out of a larger one.

从一个大群体中分出的更小的群体。

→ The chart had six divisions which all had different colors.

图表分为六部分,每部分颜色不一样。

enable v.

使能够

To enable a person is to make it possible for them to do something.

表示让某人能做某事。

→ Having the key enabled us to open the door.

合乐彩票有钥匙就能打开门。

frustrate v.

挫败

To frustrate is to prevent someone from fulfilling their desire.

阻止某人实现欲望。

→ The machine frustrated me because I could not fix it.

我被这机器挫败了,我没法修好它。

govern v.

统治

To govern is to control the public business of a country, state, or city.

表示控制一个国家,州或者城市的公共事务。

→ The United States is governed from the White House.

美国的统治机构是白宫。

plenty n.

大量

To have plenty of something is to have more than you need.

表示拥有比自己所需更多的。

→ The school had plenty of books for the students to read.

学校有很多书籍供学生们阅读。

relieve v.

减轻

To relieve someone is to make them feel less pain.

表示使不再那么疼痛。

→ The medicine relieved the sick boy.

机器缓解了男孩的病痛。

reputation n.

名声

Reputation is the opinion that people have about someone.

人们对某人的看法。

→ The doctor had a reputation for helping people.

这位医生以助人为乐著称。

royal adj.

皇家的

Royal describes something that belongs to a king or queen.

表示属于国王或往后的东西。

→ The king sat upon the royal throne.

国王坐在王位上。

slave n.

奴隶

A slave is a person who is not free and must work for someone else.

表示没有自由的并且必须为别人工作的。

→ The slave worked very hard all day long.

奴隶一天到晚都很辛苦地工作。

struggle v.

争夺

To struggle is to fight against someone or something.

表示与某人或某事对抗。

→ The kids struggled with each other for the toy.

孩子们在争玩具。

stupid adj.

愚蠢的

When someone is stupid, they lack intelligence.

表示缺乏智慧的。

→ He said something stupid that made everyone angry at him.

他说了一些愚蠢的言论,以致于每个人都迁怒于他。

The Tale of Bartelby O'Boyle

巴特尔比·奥博伊尔传说

Long ago, there was a clever man by the name of Bartelby O'Boyle. As a boy, he was kept as a slave by the royal family. He saw other children play, but he always had to work. This frustrated him very much. But he was not stupid, and he wanted to change things.

很久以前,有一个叫巴特尔比·奥博伊尔的聪明小男孩。他是皇室的奴隶,眼看着别的小孩玩耍,自己却不得不去工作。他对此很沮丧。但他并不愚蠢,而且想要做出改变。

Then one day there was a struggle for authority in the kingdom. There was a division of the people, and one group fought against another group to see which would govern the kingdom. There was disorder in the kingdom. Bartelby ran away. He saw much fighting and destruction. Many people had nothing to eat; Bartelby decided to aid them. He would help them get food. But how?

有一天,皇室发生权斗,人们各站一队,互相争夺国家的统治权。王国陷入了混乱,奥博伊尔趁机逃走了。他看到了太多的战争和破坏,许多人食不果腹,奥博伊尔决定帮助这些难民。他要帮大家寻找食物。但怎么才能找到食物呢?

Bartelby went to the capital to find an answer. There, he met a man named Gilliam. A group of men attempted to hurt Gilliam. Bartelby defended him. Then, he gave Gilliam some food to relieve his hunger. After that, the two became friends. They took food from the rich and gave it to the poor.

奥博伊尔前往首都寻找解决办法,并在那遇到了一个叫吉列姆的人。吉列姆被一帮人追杀,奥博伊尔救下了他并给了他一些食物充饥。随后,二人成为了朋友。他们一起劫富济贫。

Soon, other people cooperated with them. Working together enabled them to take more food. But they only took food from people who had plenty, and they always gave it to those who had none. Because of this, Bartleby gained a reputation across the kingdom. Even today, many people admire him for helping the poor.

很快,他们引起了别人的注意。大家一起帮助他们夺取更多的粮食。他们只会从地主家获取粮食并分发给那些没有口粮的人。为此,奥博伊尔这个名字传遍了全国。即使在今天,也有很多人对他这种扶贫救弱的行为表示赞赏。

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